ShouldwefearAI?我们应该害怕人工智能吗?

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人工智能领域的专业人士因担心该行业的发展对人类构成的潜在威胁而呼吁暂停对强大人工智能系统的培训。他们对该行业前景的担忧是真实必要的吗?我们是否应更感谢人工智能技术给人类提供的帮助?本期节目讨论该技术的发展是否会带来潜在的风险。

词汇:technology 科技

There is no doubt that artificial intelligence – or AI – has become an important part of our lives. It is no longer just a thing of science fiction: it's an incredible technological breakthrough that has changed the way we live. But there are fears that AI has become too intelligent and could be a threat to humanity.

毫无疑问,人工智能 (AI) 已经成为我们生活中重要的一部分。它不再只是科幻小说里的东西: 它是一项改变了我们生活方式的令人难以置信的技术突破。但也有人担心人工智能已经变得过于智能,可能会对人类构成威胁。

This claim might sound extreme, but a letter signed by more than 1,000 technology experts, including Tesla boss Elon Musk, called on the world to press pause on the development of more advanced AI because of the risks. Estonian billionaire Jaan Tallinn, for example, who helped develop communication app Skype, thinks we should be cautious. And The Future of Life Institute, a not-for-profit organisation, says that there should be a temporary pause in advanced AI development, saying that "AI systems with human-competitive intelligence can pose profound risks to society and humanity."

这种说法可能听起来很极端,但包括特斯拉老板埃隆·马斯克在内的 1000 多名技术专家签署了一封信,呼吁世界暂停开发更先进的人工智能,因为存在风险。例如,帮助开发通讯应用 Skype 的爱沙尼亚亿万富翁扬·塔林 (Jaan Tallinn) 认为我们应该谨慎。非营利组织未来生命研究所 (Future of Life Institute) 表示,高级人工智能的发展应该暂时暂停,称“具有人类竞争智能的人工智能系统可能给社会和人类带来深刻风险。”

This pessimistic outlook is supported by a report by investment bank Goldman Sachs that says AI could replace the equivalent of 300 million full-time jobs. But it may also mean new jobs and a productivity boom. We may argue that AI such as chatbots can help us. State-of-the-art ChatGPT, for example, has been helping some students write assignments. AI is allowing computers to think or act in a more human way. And machine learning means computers can learn what to do without being given explicit instructions. The technology is impressive, but as it starts to think for itself, will it outsmart us?

高盛投资银行的一份报告支持了这种悲观的前景,报告称人工智能可能取代相当于 3 亿个全职工作。但这也可能意味着新的就业机会和生产力的繁荣。我们可能会说,聊天机器人等人工智能可以帮助我们。例如,最先进的 ChatGPT 一直在帮助一些学生写作业。人工智能允许计算机以更人性化的方式思考或行动。机器学习意味着计算机可以在没有明确指令的情况下学习做什么。这项技术令人印象深刻,但当它开始独立思考时,它会比我们聪明吗?

Some people are more optimistic. AI advocates say the tech is already delivering real social and economic benefits for people. Meanwhile, the founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates, has called on governments to work with industry to "limit the risks" of AI. But he says the technology could save lives, particularly in poorer countries. He says, "Just as the world needs its brightest people focused on its biggest problems, we will need to focus the world's best AIs on its biggest problems." If this happens, maybe humanity will have a future.

有些人比较乐观。人工智能倡导者表示,该技术已经为人们带来了真正的社会和经济效益。与此同时,微软 (Microsoft) 创始人比尔·盖茨 (Bill Gates) 呼吁各国政府与业界合作,以“限制”人工智能的“风险”。但他表示,这项技术可以拯救生命,特别是在较贫穷的国家。他说:“就像世界需要最聪明的人专注于最大的问题一样,我们也需要让世界上最好的人工智能专注于最大的问题。”如果这发生了,也许人类会有未来。

artificial intelligence 人工智能,简称“AI”
science fiction 科幻小说、电影等作品
breakthrough 重大进展,突破
humanity 人类
press pause 按下暂停键,叫停
advanced 先进的
communication app 通讯应用程序
human-competitive 拥有与人类竞争能力的
profound 重大的,深刻的
replace 取代,代替
productivity 生产率
chatbot 聊天机器人
state-of-the-art 最先进的,应用最新技术的
machine learning 机器学习
impressive 给人留下深刻印象的
outsmart 在智力上胜过,比…更聪明
advocate 支持者,提倡者
brightest 最聪明的

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What have over a 1,000 technology experts demanded in a letter they signed?

2. Who said the equivalent of 300 million full-time jobs would be replaced by AI?

4. True or false? AI advocates say that AI will outsmart us.

5. Who has Bill Gates asked to work together to "limit the risk" of AI development?

2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. Our funding has run out, so we need to _______ on the project.

pause press press pause press paused pausing press

2. The online _______ dealt with my query when the bank was shut.

advocate science fiction chatbot humanity

3. I bought a _______ smartphone but it's too complicated for me to use!

state-in-the-art state-at-the-art art-in-the-state state-of-the-art

4. He was the _______ boy in the school and always got top grades in his exams.

brightest outsmart impressive profound

5. The airline claims to be using one of the most _______ aircraft which emits less greenhouse gas than older aircrafts.

profound breakthrough advanced productivity

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What have over a 1,000 technology experts demanded in a letter they signed?

A letter signed by more than 1,000 technology experts have called on the world to press pause on the development of more advanced AI because of the risks.

2. Who said the equivalent of 300 million full-time jobs would be replaced by AI?

A report by investment bank Goldman Sachs said AI could replace the equivalent of 300 million full-time jobs.

ChatGPT has been helping some students write assignments.

4. True or false? Advocates of AI say that AI will outsmart us.

False. AI advocates say the tech is already delivering real social and economic benefits for people.

5. Who has Bill Gates asked to work together to "limit the risk" of AI development?

Bill Gates has asked governments to work with industry to "limit the risks" of AI.

2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. Our funding has run out, so we need to press pause on the project.

2. The online chatbot dealt with my query when the bank was shut.

3. I bought a state-of-the-art smartphone but it's too complicated for me to use!

4. He was the brightest boy in the school and always got top grades in his exams.

5. The airline claims to be using one of the most advanced aircraft which emits less greenhouse gas than older aircrafts.

文章来源 BBC,侵权删,本文仅用于英语学习。

原文链接:https://www.bilibili.com/read/cv23967838/

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